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Managing your diabetes: Not just glucose levels

Tests to prevent complications

Karen Miller | 11/24/2014, 6 a.m.
In order to detect or prevent complications people with diabetes are advised to have several tests and checkups each year.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Managing your diabetes

Source: Prime Medic Inc.

Source: Prime Medic Inc.

Many people with diabetes are advised to check their glucose levels regularly to make sure it is within a healthy range. Excessive sugar in the blood increases the risk of several diseases, such as stroke, and can cause complications in infectious diseases, such as influenza.

It’s not only glucose that requires checking or attention. People with diabetes are advised to have regular checkups and tests.

These are guidelines only. The schedule will vary by the individual. Some will require more frequent or additional testing.

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Diabetes: not just glucose levels


Condition/Complication


Recommended Action

Eye damage:

— Diabetic Retinopathy
— Cataracts
— Glaucoma
Yearly comprehensive dilated eye exam
High blood pressure

— Stroke
Blood pressure check at every doctor's visit
High cholesterol

— Heart disease
— Stroke
Yearly lipid test for HDL (good) and LDL (bad) cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglycerides
Nerve damage (Neuropathy)

— Loss of limb
—Numbness, tingling
Daily check of feet for cuts, sores, redness and swelling. Yearly foot exam by a provider
Kidney failure Yearly blood and urine test
Gum disease, tooth decay Examination by a dentist every six months
A1C A least twice a year (measures control of blood glucose in past two to three months)
Flu Yearly flu shot
Pneumonia At least one shot; may need another after the age of 65
Hepatitis B One shot for people with diabetes aged 19 - 59

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