OneUnited moves toward the future with an eye on the past

Howard Manly | 1/7/2010, 10:28 a.m.
Basketball great Earvin “Magic” Johnson, far left, and music industry executive Jheryl Busby, second from left, shareholders in...
Basketball great Earvin “Magic” Johnson, far left, and music industry executive Jheryl Busby, second from left, shareholders in a new national network of African-American-owned community banks, pose with Kevin Cohee in 2001 after the then Boston Bank of Commerce merged with Peoples Bank of Commerce in Miami and Founders National Bank of Los Angeles to create America’s first black-owned national bank. AP /Chris Pizzello

As chairman and chief executive of OneUnited, the nation’s largest black-owned bank, Kevin Cohee is well aware of the current economic downturn. But he also knows the value of having a historical perspective.

The third quarter in 2009 was a case in point. The bank lost about $50 million when its investments in Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac preferred stock became almost worthless after the federal government intervened in the two mortgage companies.

At a time when other financial institutions were either failing or suffering from what Cohee described as “economic trauma,” OneUnited was able to overcome that financial hit and remain one of the nation’s more profitable banks.  

“No one is happy about losing $50 million,” Cohee said. “But we are very fortunate and faring well. We are well capitalized, profitable and well – positioned to thrive and grow once the economy rebounds. There’s no question about our survival. ”

And with a wry smile, Cohee says, “At least we had $50 million to lose.”

Since the end of slavery, blacks have sought ways to garner economic strength and spending power to accumulate individual and collective financial independence. But due to a variety of reasons, building a sustainable, black-owned  bank has been an extremely tough road, starting with the opening of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company in 1865 – and its subsequent closing nine years later as a result of mismanagement, fraud, abuse and the Panic of 1873.

The Freedman’s bank was not a complete failure. Before closing, the bank had raised nearly $3 million from 61,131 depositors. One depositor was none other than Frederick Douglass who put up $10,000 in an effort to save the floundering bank.

Though times have changed, the mission remains the same – at least according to Cohee. “Black people have been trying for over 100 years to garner our economic spending power and put it back into the community,” Cohee once told an interviewer. “They all talked about this concept, but we never had the ability to do it.”

With an aggressive style and no-nonsense attitude, Cohee has been able to do more than just talk. Through mergers and acquisitions of struggling community banks in Miami and Los Angeles, Cohee has taken the old Boston Bank of Commerce and transformed it into the first, black-owned national bank with about $550 million in assets. In addition, OneUnited received the Bank Enterprise Award, the U.S. Treasury Departments highest award for community service, in 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008.

Cohee doesn’t take his mission lightly. After obtaining an MBA from the University of Wisconsin and a law degree from Harvard, Cohee went straight to Wall Street and became a successful investment banker at Salomon Smith Barney. He and his wife, Teri Williams, one of the youngest vice presidents at American Express, pooled their resources together and made millions after selling a credit card company aimed at military personnel. They retired for a while, but soon became bored. In 1995, they put up a million dollars to purchase a controlling interest in the Boston Bank of Commerce.