Dr. Jatin Dave, a geriatrician at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and medical director of geriatrics at Tufts Health Plan, answers questions about aging.
Improvements in public health and medical treatment have significantly increased life expectancy in the past 60 years. People more frequently live into their 80s and 90s and even top the century mark.
As people age it may become more difficult to consume certain minerals and vitamins, such as calcium and vitamins D and B12. In addition, medical conditions may reduce activity, which can result in obesity, a risk factor for several diseases, including stroke. In such cases the types and amount of food should be modified to prevent weight gain.
“Senior moments” begin to increase with age, but that’s to be expected as years pass. Generally, those moments pass and the memory returns. Dementia, on the other hand, affects social abilities and memory severely enough to interfere with daily functioning.
When young people fall, for the most part they get up and walk away. A fall in an elderly person, on the other hand, can result in a permanent disability or even death. Falls are the leading cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries in older people.
The best strategy is prevention
Generally, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that are caused by bacteria or parasites are easy to treat. Often one dose or injection of antibiotics can do the trick.
Results of screening tests are key to managing health
During regular checkups tests can be performed to evaluate the status of one’s health.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
A rare form of breast cancer often escapes detection. It changes the appearance of the breast and rarely has a lump.
Both the flu and common cold are respiratory illnesses caused by different viruses. They also share many of the symptoms, but the symptoms of the flu are more severe and can result in serious complications
There is one way to avoid or reduce the risk of several infectious diseases and it takes only 20 seconds. It doesn’t require a medical degree and anyone — including children — can master it. It’s just plain old hand washing.
You never outgrow the need for vaccinations. Protection from immunizations can wane over time and adults who were not vaccinated as children require catch-up shots.
Exercise without equipment
You don’t need fancy equipment to get a good workout
Walking is the simplest aerobic exercise to improve health
Daily exercise is a prescription to reduce stress and anxiety.
A complicated condition with serious consequences
Whether classified as a disease or a disorder, obesity is a leading cause of premature deaths in this country.
Knowing how to read nutrition facts labels can help identify unhealthy foods and beverages.
Bigger portions linked to increased waistlines and weight gain
Growing portion sizes are changing what Americans think of as a "normal" portion, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
The power-packed duo
Foods high in protein are not only healthy, they tend to be more filling and keep you full longer.
Obesity is not merely a cosmetic issue. Excess weight increases the risk of many diseases:
Eating slowly can help you eat less
Unhealthy eating is linked to emotional problems
Abdominal, or visceral, fat — weight centered at and above the waist — poses a threat to a person’s health.
Body mass index and waist measurements are the tools most used to measure obesity
BMI and waist size are used to calculate disease risk
More than just a flu shot
Baby boomers might think that the days of vaccinations are way behind them. Not so fast, according to Dr. Myechia Minter-Jordan, president and CEO of The Dimock Center. “You have to check the titers,” she explained.
Not just a woman’s disease
Ernie Green, 75, was a force to be reckoned with on the football field. He played seven seasons for the Cleveland Browns, and has two Pro Bowl appearances under his belt.
September is Ovarian Cancer Month
Ovarian cancer is the fifth most deadly cancer in women.
Variety is key
Eating a healthy diet is the best way to get of the vitamins and minerals your body needs.
Simple Leafy Green Sauté
The darker the vegetables the higher the nutritional value
HPV can cause cancer of the throat, back of the tongue and tonsils
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in this country
a simple exercise with surprising results
It’s easy to come up with excuses not to exercise. Lack of time is one excuse. The cost of gym memberships is another. Yet, there is an exercise that blows all those excuses away.
Tandoori Chicken with Brown Rice
Sodium, more commonly called salt, has crept into more of the foods we eat.
not just for jocks
Strengthening exercises at least two times a week can increase muscle strength and improve bone health.
it’s more than just bananas
A diet rich in fruit and vegetables increases the intake of potassium, which can reduce the risk of high blood pressure and stroke.
and calling 911
Zonius Wiley, a paramedic with the Boston Emergency Medical Services, urges calling 911 at the first sign of a stroke.
It’s for quitters
Medication combined with counseling are two proven strategies to quit smoking.
It is estimated that 80 percent of strokes are preventable largely through lifestyle changes and adherence to medications.
As Fletcher “Flash” Wiley discovered, symptoms of a stroke can happen quickly
Flash Wiley, a prominent Boston lawyer, attributes his stroke to high blood pressure and heart arrhythmia.
despite often debilitating, deadly consequences
Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in this country and a leading cause of long-term disability.