There are several misperceptions and misunderstandings about type 2 diabetes.
A major complication of diabetes
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure and accounts for more than 43 percent of new cases.
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A leading cause of blindness
Diabetic retinopathy — damage to the blood vessels in the retina — is the leading cause of new blindness in persons aged 25 to 74 years in the United States.
Although diabetes is often silent in the initial stages, specific symptoms emerge as the disease progresses. Poor control of glucose levels increases the risk of complications of diabetes.
Tests to prevent complications
In order to detect or prevent complications people with diabetes are advised to have several tests and checkups each year.
Blood tests are used to diagnosis diabetes and prediabetes because disease type 2 diabetes may have no symptoms in the early stages. The test is repeated before a diagnosis is confirmed.
Often preventable … but the numbers are increasing
Type 2 diabetes can often be prevented or controlled once diagnosed.
November is Lung Cancer Awareness Month
Lung cancer is largely preventable. Almost 90 percent of all cases of lung cancer are caused by tobacco smoke, which contains known cancer-causing agents.
A healthy dose of vitamin A
Acorn squash, a type of winter squash, is heralded for its richness in vitamins A and C, fiber and potassium.
October is Talk about Prescriptions Month
Medication errors, which can result in harm or even death, are largely preventable.
Read the drug facts label carefully
Although over-the-counter, or OTC drugs are available without a prescription, their ease of use has not diminished their potency. Dosages and precautions listed on Drug Facts Labels should be followed closely.
Whole-Wheat Fruit Bars
A “healthy snack” sounds like an oxymoron. The two words seem to be on opposite ends. But that does not have to be the case. In this recipe from the American Institute for Cancer Research, whole grains are combined with dried fruit and juice for a healthy treat.
August is National Immunization Awareness Month
Although a vaccine for HPV has been available since 2006, the compliance rate remains low.
Osteoarthritis, which can range from mild to severe, is one of the most debilitating diseases in this country.
The primary care provider manages your health care. It is important to find one that fits your personal needs.
Salads can be more than just lettuce and tomatoes. This salad combines fruit and lettuce with seeds and nuts.
July is National Watermelon Month
Watermelon not only tastes good, it is chock full of nutrients the body requires to function efficiently.
There is a misperception — even among some health providers — that people of color do not get skin cancer. By the time black patients visit a doctor the cancer often has spread.
Calcium is the most common mineral in the body and is responsible not only for healthy bones but for functions of the heart, muscles and nerves.
Knowing your family medical history can alert you to your risk of several health conditions.
Although many people choose sunglasses for style, the deciding factor should be safety. Sunglasses should protect against UV rays from the sun.
This recipe for Cypriot Chicken Kebabs is a good source of protein and fiber. The veggies also contain antioxidants that are considered cancer-fighting agents.
Nick Cannon speaks out
African Americans are more than three times as likely as whites to develop kidney failure. Once kidney function falls below a certain level, the only options for treatment are dialysis and transplantation.
Garlic is noted not only for its flavor and smell, but for its health benefits as well. Garlic has been found to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and certain cancers.
Although type 2 diabetes is common, it is often not well understood even by those who are afflicted. There are many myths about diabetes that can blur the truth about this potentially deadly disease.
Type 2 diabetes is no longer an illness for adults only. Fuelled by the surge in obesity in this country, type 2 diabetes is on the rise in adolescents and pre-teens.
Almost 26 million people in this country have type 2 diabetes, but 7 million do not know it. Determine your risk for diabetes and get tested if you have several risk factors for the disease.
Colorectal cancer is the second deadliest cancer. It is also largely preventable by regular screenings.
Sugar is the body’s source of energy. You can’t live without it, but the type and amount of sugar you consume is key to good health.
Consumption of a variety of fruits and veggies is key to good health
It’s like looking through a tunnel
Glaucoma first affects peripheral, or side vision, but will progress if left untreated.
Glaucoma often runs in families and, although it is more common in older people, it can strike at any age.
Comprehensive eye exams are key to controlling glaucoma
People who have 20/20 vision can still have glaucoma
Cervical cancer is now largely preventable
Because of Pap smears and vaccines for HPV, the incidence and death rates of cervical cancer have plummeted.
Sodium, more commonly known as salt, can make some foods taste so much better, but it doesn’t do much for one’s health. Excess salt, especially when paired with reduced amounts of potassium, can increase the risk of high blood pressure. This can start a chain reaction with unfortunate results.
A lifetime of shots
Many older adults assume that vaccinations are for young kids only. But with the development of new vaccines, such as Zoster for shingles, and the waning protection of the immune system, those 60 and older are advised to get protection against a variety of communicable diseases.
you’re never too old
The incidence of sexually transmitted diseases is on the rise in older adults due in part to the high divorce rate. Older adults are less inclined to use condoms, which they tend to associate with protection against pregnancy rather than protection against STDs.
A daily eating plan should include a variety of whole foods, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains and low-fat proteins, such as legumes. Nuts and olive oil are good choices of health fats. The amount of food depends on one’s age, gender and physical activity.
There are five vaccines that the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices currently recommends for older people. Three of the shots — for shingles, pneumonia and a booster for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) — are administered once, while protection against the flu and tetanus/diphtheria are administered at regular intervals.
T’ai chi, an ancient Chinese martial art, consists of a series of controlled and deliberate movements called forms. T’ai chi is recommended for people of all ages, particularly older adults, to increase strength, flexibility and stamina. Research has found that it also improves the mood.
Anhedonia, or lack of pleasure, is a common symptom
Although common, depression in the elderly is not a normal part of aging. Many factors, including poor health and poor nutrition, lack of exercise and isolation can worsen the condition. Yearly screening for depression is now offered at no cost for Medicare recipients.
Since many chronic diseases occur more frequently in older adults, certain screenings and preventive services are recommended well into one’s senior years. It is best to develop with your doctor a screening program that fits your medical condition and family history.
Dr. Jatin Dave, a geriatrician at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and medical director of geriatrics at Tufts Health Plan, answers questions about aging.
Improvements in public health and medical treatment have significantly increased life expectancy in the past 60 years. People more frequently live into their 80s and 90s and even top the century mark.
As people age it may become more difficult to consume certain minerals and vitamins, such as calcium and vitamins D and B12. In addition, medical conditions may reduce activity, which can result in obesity, a risk factor for several diseases, including stroke. In such cases the types and amount of food should be modified to prevent weight gain.
“Senior moments” begin to increase with age, but that’s to be expected as years pass. Generally, those moments pass and the memory returns. Dementia, on the other hand, affects social abilities and memory severely enough to interfere with daily functioning.
When young people fall, for the most part they get up and walk away. A fall in an elderly person, on the other hand, can result in a permanent disability or even death. Falls are the leading cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries in older people.
The best strategy is prevention
Generally, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that are caused by bacteria or parasites are easy to treat. Often one dose or injection of antibiotics can do the trick.
Results of screening tests are key to managing health
During regular checkups tests can be performed to evaluate the status of one’s health.