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Diabetes signs, complications and risk factors

Karen Miller | 11/24/2014, 6 a.m.

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Diabetes Signs, Complications and Risk Factors

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Frequent urination
Excessive thirst
Fatigue
Weight loss
Blurry vision
Increased hunger
Cut and bruises that are slow to heal
Tingling, pain or numbness in the hands or feet
COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES
✦ Heart and blood vessel disease, such as heart attack and stroke

✦ Kidney failure

✦ Eye damage, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma, which can cause blindness

✦ Foot damage that can result in amputation

✦ Diabetic neuropathy — numbness, tingling in hands and feet

✦ Gum disease

✦ Skin conditions, such as bacterial and fungal infections

✦ Erectile dysfunction
RISK FACTORS
Overweight and obesity

Excessive abdominal fat

Inactivity

Age: diabetes increases with age, especially after age 45

Family history: risk increases if parent or sibling has the disease

Race: people of color are more likely to develop diabetes than whites

Gestational diabetes: diabetes during pregnancy

Polycystic ovary syndrome

High blood pressure and high cholesterol

Take the risk test from the American Diabetes Association

Read more about Diabetes

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