Red Sox World Series victory underscores progress on team’s race issues

Brian Wright O’Connor | 11/6/2013, 11:25 a.m.
If the first World Series title of this century buried "The Curse of the Bambino" and the second threw dirt ...
Red Sox slugger David Ortiz hits a grand slam in game two of the World Series. Ortiz has been instrumental in three World Series victories for the Sox. Courtesy of Boston Red Sox

The low point came in 1986, after coach and former Red Sox player Tommy Harper sued the team after getting fired for criticizing the Yawkey Way management for adopting a whites-only Elks Club in Winter Haven, Fla., as their unofficial watering hole. Harper complained that as far back as 1967, the team was handing out passes to the segregated club to only white players.

Harper’s dismissal took place one week before Christmas and less than a decade after the team signed an agreement with the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination to hire more black players, managers, coaches, grounds crew and ticket takers. Harper’s suit was settled out of court just a few months after the Sox lost the World Series to the New York Mets.

The irony for the Red Sox is that while the team is more open to fielding African-American players, fewer black athletes are opting for baseball. During the World Series, Boston’s utility outfielder Quintin Berry was the only black player on either roster.

Harvard Law School Professor Charles Ogletree, a high-school baseball star on his Merced, Cal., team and a Red Sox season-ticket holder for over a decade, says he was shocked by the paucity of black players on the field during the series. “On Jackie Robinson Day every April 15, when every player wears number 42, we must honor the memory of this baseball pioneer with more than just symbolism,” says Ogletree, adding that current initiatives to lure more black kids into baseball aren’t enough. “Boston was the last to hire an African-American player and should take the lead in making sure more black players are on the field in the major leagues.”

Dominican-born restaurateur Hector Pena arrived in Boston the same year Harper sued the Sox. Few black fans sat in the bleachers at the games in those days. Violence against black fans dating from the volatile busing years in Boston had faded but few saw a welcome mat at the park for spectators of color. That began to change in the ‘90s, he says, with the arrival of star Dominican players like Pedro Martinez and Manny Ramirez, who patronized his eateries in the South End and Roxbury.

In 2002, the Yawkey Family Trust sold the Red Sox, ending the family’s ownership of the team. In 2004, the team won its first World Series against the St. Louis Cardinals. Slugger Manny Ramirez was named Most Valuable Player. “The Curse of the Bambino,” said to have

descended over Fenway after team owner Harry Frazee sold star pitcher Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees in 1919, was lifted with the end of the 86-year World Series drought.

By the time of the second Red Sox title of the century, in 2007, Fenway Park had become a different place — fan-friendlier, cleaner, more diverse, and, yes, more expensive.

“Now there is a big connection to the community,” Pena says. “People feel inspired to go.”

Other changes have taken place as well. Tommy Harper is now a consultant with the Red Sox. African-American coaches lead teams from the dugout. A black man sits in the White House and another leads Massachusetts from the corner office at the State House. And the two Irish-American candidates for mayor of Boston vied with one another in the home stretch of the campaign to see who could most fervidly denounce institutional racism in the Boston Police Department.

Meanwhile, Ortiz has entered a rarified world for Boston sports heroes — a three-time World Series champion and a leading healer in a city still recovering from the Boston Marathon bombing. The novelty of a black Dominican having reached those heights with a team that not so long ago was notoriously racist hasn’t escaped Pena.

Nor has it eluded state Rep. Byron Rushing. The South End lawmaker and historian says the change is long overdue. “It’s never been about the curse of the Bambino,” says Rushing. “It was the curse of Yawkey’s racism. If they had hired a few black players, they could have done a lot better.”

Yawu Miller contributed to this report.