Ghanian-born artist El Anatsui is known for making gorgeous tapestries from liquor bottle wrappers
Susan Saccoccia | 6/9/2011, 9:37 a.m.
Equally riveting are two works that spread over the gallery floor. “Open(ing) Market” (2004) both celebrates the burgeoning African marketplace and wryly comments on Africa’s part in the global economy. A sea of miniature tin chests forms the shape of the Africa. Made by local tinkers in Nsukka, the black chests are arranged in rows and when viewed from the rear, the installation gels into dark waves. Seen from the front, the boxes burst with color, their insides lined with ads for international brands such as Nestlé.
Despite its title, “Digital River” (2001) — a stream of narrow clay vessels filled with dark, glistening glass, calls to mind a train bearing minerals, Africa’s primary export.
A trio of sculptures introduces Anatsui’s eloquence with wood. Reminiscent of the abstract patterns in the wall hangings is “Wonder Masquerade” (1990), an elegant totem of sliced bronze wood incised with lines and hewn into a graceful ellipse. Next to it is a pair of rough-hewn figures: a scarecrow-like structure with branches for legs, “Lady in Frenzy” (1999) and a tin man with a tiny wood stump for a head, “Chief in Zingliwu” (1999).
Titles matter to Anatsui, a poet who uses language as another raw material to interweave eras, places and histories.
The jazzy, statuesque “Adinsibuli Stood Tall” (1995) has a title that blends the names of three African writing systems: Adinkra, Nsibidi and Uli. Composed of discarded wooden mortars used to extract palm oil, a Nigerian staple, its body resembles a hollowed-out tree trunk. On the outside, the wood’s grooves and veins evoke ancient Chinese landscape scrolls. Inside, Anatsui has painted African ideograms of suns and organic forms that resemble cave paintings or American Indian pictographs. Wires that suggest ornamental necklaces fasten the figure’s head, a craggy piece of wood.
On the fifth floor, the museum’s magnificent 5th century stone mosaic from the Villa of Daphne, near Antioch, Turkey, echoes the classical grandeur of Anatsui’s weavings. This gallery displays Anatsui’s works on paper as well as free standing sculptures and small works in ceramic and manganese, a mineral that is among Africa’s primary exports.
Many works tell stories. “Akua’s Surviving Children” (1996), a colony of figures constructed from scorched, pocked driftwood gathered on Denmark’s shores, alludes to the Danish slave trade. Their parts are joined with nails forged at a factory that made guns for slave runners. Anatsui burned the heads in the forge as a purification ritual.
An abacus-like wooden plaque, “Old Cloth Series” (1993) blackened to show wear and age, is carved and painted with patterns reminiscent of Ghana’s fabric of memory, kente cloth. A work from 1986 that gives the exhibition its name has a long title that begins, “When I last wrote to you about Africa.” Horizontal slats of burled wood are fashioned into an unfolding scroll and incised with ideograms that evoke Ghanaian myths, nature and lineage.
Another gorgeous work, “Assorted Seeds II” (1989), combines eight deeply grained slats of wood in varied tones into a visual creation myth, with the seeds carved out of its richly textured surface like a bas relief.
Displayed in vitrines are Anatsui’s works in ceramic and manganese, which has a speckled beige-and-black surface like old stone. The writhing “Imbroglio” (1979) combines skin-like layers and tangled loops in an image of tension. Clay tendrils wind over the egg-shaped form of “Omen” (1978), which also appears in one of the elegant pen-and-ink drawings that are on view. In some works, Anatsui intertwines shards that resemble fragments of western classical pottery, as if to conjure history across civilizations and eras.
When viewed from the rear, the sculpted head, “Chambers of Memory” (1977) is a skull with hollows occupied by small objects. On the reverse side is a faintly visible face, its eyes, nose and lips resembling the elegant terracotta heads of Nigeria’s ancient Nok culture. Like the exhibition as a whole, the sculpture connects past and present, bringing old and new together into a richer, more universal story.
The Davis Museum and Cultural Center is on the Wellesley College campus in Wellesley, Mass. Admission is free and open to the public.